Calculate the Sales Taxes in Canada (GST, PST & HST) for 2012 & 2013
The tax on goods and services in Canada is imposed by the federal and the provincial government. There are three types of taxes on goods and services:
- GST: Goods and Services Tax (GST) collected by the federal government
- PST and QST : Provincial Sales Tax (PST) and Quebec Sales Tax (QST) are taxes on goods and services collected by the provincial government
- HST: Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) is a combination of the provincial and the federal sales tax to create only one tax
The application of the GST is identical all across Canada, but it is different with the provincial tax, where the rate and type differentiate from province to province. Some provinces collect the PST independently from the federal government (Manitoba and Saskatchewan), and before 2013, some applied the provincial tax on the price of goods and services including the GST (Quebec and Prince Edward Island). The HST is collected by the federal government, and the provincial portion is then redistributed to the respective province.
The Harmonized Sales Tax and the nominal addition of the federal and provincial tax is simple, we just apply both tax on the original amount and add them for the total. However, prior to 2013, the province of Quebec and Prince Edward Island differed in their calculation. The provincial tax was applied on the amount including the GST, which explains the total tax being higher than just the simple addition of the two taxes.
With the help of this calculator, based on the data from Canada Revenue Agency and Revenu Québec for 2012 & 2013, you can calculate the sales tax for any amount in each province, and then compare the result in the chart with the other provinces. Note: For Quebec, as of January 1, 2013, the QST will be calculated on the selling price excluding GST, but to compensate it will be increased to 9.975%, which makes no difference for the tax payer since the total will be the same amount. For Prince Edward Island, the calculation will stay the same as 2012 until April 2013.
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